1892 - 1975
1900: Graduated Law in France.
1912 - 1913: Took part in the Balkan War as officer. Democratic Party functionary.
1919: Member of the Supreme Party Council of the Democratic Party.
1920 – 1923: Member of the Military League. Mason.
1923 - 1934: MP in the 21, 22 and 23 National Assemblies.
1934 – 1935: Director of Labour.
1935: Minister of National Economy and Head of the Ministry of Finance in Toshev's Cabinet.
1938 - 1939: Speaker of 24th Ordinary National Assembly. Anglophile.
1939 - 1944: Member of the legal opposition. Opposed the armed struggle of the Fatherland Front. Led the secret talks in Cairo with the English and the Americans to find a way out of the war for the Kingdom of Bulgaria. Author of memoirs. Repressed by the communist regime.
1944 - 1947: Took part in Democratic Party activities.