1858 - 1949
1873 – 1878: Finished his secondary education in Prague.
1876: Joined the revolutionary detachment of Philip Totyu.
1881: Majored in Law in Heidelberg.
1883: Graduated Political Science in Paris.
1884: Started working as attorney in Sofia.
Member of the Bulgarian Literary Society.
1894 – 1899: Part-time Associate Professor in International Law in the Higher School.
1897: Leader of the Moderate-liberal Party.
1899: Leader of the Progressive-liberal Party.
1901: Minister of Foreign Affairs and Religions in Karavelov's Cabinet.
1901 - 1903: Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs and Religions of the Principality of Bulgaria.
1911: Speaker of the Fifth Grand National Assembly.
1911 - 1913: Speaker of the Fifteenth Ordinary National Assembly; led the Bulgarian delegation at the peace negotiations in London. Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs and Religions of the Kingdom of Bulgaria during the Inter-allies war.
1916 - 1920: Minister of Finance in the cabinets of Todorov and Stamboliyski.